Science That Made a Difference
Summer 1996 (AI 4.2)
Front Cover: Azerbaijanis have made great contributions in the field of science, particularly in physics. Here Laser beams converging on microchips. The gaseous laser was invented by Azerbaijani descendant, Ali Javan, who now works at MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts. See the article on page 14. Photo: Westlight / Chuck O'Rear.
Back Cover: "Two Fighting Cocks" by Kamal Ahmad (1986). Contact his widow, Elmira Ahmadov (994-12) 71-98-54 to see Kamal's studio.
Azerbaijanis have contributed to science on a world class level. Read Dr. Ali Javan's recollections of inventing the Gas Laser in 1960 which has myriad applications from the scanners at supermarket checkout counters, to fiber optics so prevalent in telecommunications. Javan is at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and is of Azerbaijani descent as is true with Lotfi Zadeh, creator of "Fuzzy Logic" (1965) who lives in Berkeley, California.
6 Reader's Forum
10 Baku Diary: Passport to World Market Economy: English Language - Susan Cornnell
14 Scientists Who Made A Difference: Ali Javan, The Gas Laser and Beyond - Ali Javan with Blair
19 Presidential Interview: Heydar Aliyev - Betty Blair
21 Academy of Sciences: 50th Jubilee
24 Jawbones and Dragon Legends: Azerbaijan's Prehistoric Azikh Cave - Dr. Arif Mustafayev (Latin-page 28)
30 Baku's Maiden Tower: Legendary Monument of Mystery - Dr. Seyran Valiyev
34 Scientists Who Made A Difference: Azad Mirzajanzade - Anne Kressler
35 Scientists Who Made A Difference: Tusi and the Maragha Observatory - Dr. Chingiz Qajar
36 SOCAR Section
Oil Development in Azerbaijan since Last Year's Oil Exhibition - Natig Aliyev
AIOC Current Developments - Einar Bergh
Angolan President: Jose Eduardo dos Santos, Graduate from Baku's Oil Academy
The Development of the Oil & Gas Industry in Azerbaijan - Dr. Khoshbakht Yusifzade
56 Diplomatic Interview: A Conversation with the Three US Ambassadors to the Caucasus - Blair
60 Scientists Who Made A Difference: Bahram Askerov: Solid State Physics - Marcus Hopkins
62 "Tilt to Armenia" - Washington Post Editorial
64 LUKoil Enters the Telecommunications Business
65 Back to Baku! British Bank of the Middle East - Alan Wilkinson
66 "Surf's Up!" in Azerbaijan. The Internet: A Progress Update
70 Biplanes and Seaplanes: Beginning of Aviation in Azerbaijan - Fuad Akhundov and Nina Fischeva
72 Modern Math or When 1 + 1 = 135 - Anne Kressler
73 Azerbaijan Prepares for the Summer Olympics
74 Business Opportunities
75 Facilitating Investment in Azerbaijan: The US Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce - Galib Mammad
76 Music in the Air: Friend's Foundation Sponsors Music Program
78 Sustaining the Spirit of Azerbaijan via Contemporary Persian Literature: Rahim Raisnia "The Glorious Poets of Azerbaijani History - Ali Azeri
86 Azerbaijan International's 1996 Bilingual Resource Directory
From Azerbaijan International (4.2) Summer 1996.
© Azerbaijan International 1996. All rights reserved.