Spring 2001 (9.1)
Modeling and Fashion Design Come to Azerbaijan
by Gulnar Aydamirova
and Arzu Aghayeva
Fashion design and modeling
are still relatively new careers for Azerbaijanis. During the
Soviet period, these two fields held limited opportunity and
were not seen as prestigious; parents encouraged their children
to go into the sciences instead.
Once Azerbaijan gained its independence in 1991, several women
decided to turn their dreams and ideas into businesses. The first
private design house, Galatea Fashion House, opened in 1994,
and was followed by modeling agencies such as "Venera"
and "Paris", which appeared in the late 1990s. To find
out what it takes to create a new industry from scratch, we spoke
to three of the major figures in Azerbaijan's fashion world:
Lala Kazimova, Fakhriya Khalafova and Samira Hasanova.
Baku has still a long way to go to reach the status of Paris
or Milan in terms of its fashion industry. Its fashion designers
don't have regular seasonal shows with supermodels strutting
down the runway in the latest designs. They don't have access
to the finest fabrics or even very much information about other
designers' latest styles. But then again, Paris and Milan have
had decades to build up their reputations; Baku has only had
a few years - seven, to be exact.
One of the first fashion designers on the scene in Baku was Lala
Kazimova, who founded Galatea Fashion House in 1994. "At
first I thought of it as just a hobby," Lala says. "We
wanted to do something new, so I put together a collection with
Maryam Hajibeyova (now the assistant director), and our friend
Narmina financed us. The name of our firm was 'Narmina'. Now
when we look back, it's difficult to call it a 'collection'.
Our first show was in 1994 in Ichari Shahar, at a place now called
Even though neither she nor Maryam had studied fashion design,
Lala decided to open her own studio. She says she named it "Galatea"
after a character in Greek myth: "According to the story,
the sculptor Pygmalion creates a statue, Galatea, and it turns
out to be so beautiful that he falls in love with her. The goddess
Aphrodite brings the statue to life. I take this to mean that
with love and art, you can do anything."
Lala has since hired a third designer, Gulnara Ruhullayeva, who
has a degree in fashion design from Moscow Textile University.
"She's actually one of the few people who have a degree
in this field," Lala says. "No fashion house in Azerbaijan
has a specialist with this kind of degree."
So far, Galatea is the
only Azerbaijani fashion house to have given a show in France.
"We went there in 1996 to show our collection during the
'Days of Azerbaijani Culture' festival," Lala says. "They
liked our collection and models very much."
Now that they've finished their commission to design Azerbaijan's
outfits for the Olympic Games, the three designers are currently
working on a collection of classic evening dresses made with
taffeta, satin and silk.
"We buy our cloth mainly from Syria, Dubai and such countries,"
Lala explains. "But we sometimes find some nice cloth here
in Azerbaijan, too. It's a pity that the Shaki silk factory is
not producing anything now."
When asked about her hopes for the future, Lala says she hopes
to operate on a much larger scale: "Someday, we'd like to
enlarge our fashion house, hire more dressmakers and open a boutique
so that people can come and buy our clothes. Right now, we tend
to design clothes only for singers or other celebrities who come
in and custom order them. Our real goal is to influence Azerbaijani
women in general, to help them see things as we see them. We
try to influence their taste."
Freedom to Create
Another top designer, Fakhriya Khalafova, has a similar dream.
After graduating from the Izmir High Special School of Art Design
in Turkey, Fakhriya opened the Fakhriya Khalafova Center of Fashion
and Design in Baku in 1997. Someday she hopes to open up a boutique
to feature her own designs.
Fakhriya says that while finances are still difficult, she loves
the freedom of her work: "I began designing after Azerbaijan
gained its independence, so there were no obstacles in terms
of creativity. As an independent designer, I have the right to
create, develop and demonstrate my own art, style and direction."
With that attitude, plus some media savvy, she has earned her
way to becoming one of the most famous fashion designers in Baku.
Fakhriya was named designer of the year in 1998 by the magazine
"Woman of Azerbaijan"; in 1999 and 2000, she was awarded
the "Grant" prize for her contributions to new trends
Left: Fakhriya Khalafova, one of Azerbaijan's
Fakhriya's exclusive designs are often commissioned by celebrities
or exhibited to the public in "haute couture" shows
that have included "Mystery" (1998) and "Oil Goddess"
(1999), commemorating the fifth anniversary of Azerbaijan's "Contract
of the Century".
"I've had fashion shows in Russia, Kazakhstan, Georgia,
Turkey and Germany," Fakhriya says. "I love to look
out into the audience during one of my shows and see the smiles
of hundreds of people. Unfortunately, these shows don't happen
When fashion designers began opening studios in Azerbaijan, there
were no modeling agencies to speak of. If a designer wanted to
do a fashion show or photo shoot, she would have to pick out
pretty girls from the street and asked them to stand in as models.
Admittedly, this wasn't the most professional way to work, since
there no time to work with the models beforehand and train them.
"Today's designers understand that they need professional
models who have been trained to walk and pose before the camera,"
says Samira Hasanova, who opened the Venera Modeling Agency in
Baku in February 1999.
Venera differs from other agencies in Azerbaijan in that all
of the training provided to the models is at no charge. "In
agencies around the world, a model has to pay for services like
headshots and aerobics classes," Samira says. "I teach
the models myself and also hire choreographers to teach them
things like how to walk."
Left: Venera Modeling Agency
Needless to say, there's a lot of competition to become a model
at the agency. "Girls come to our agency everyday. But out
of 20 applicants or so, I usually choose only one young person
Samira looks for tall, photogenic girls who are 12 or 13, and
then trains them to be models. "We need new faces for the
I choose the girls, meet with their parents, learn their biography
and see if a girl is likely to grow taller or not - you can see
it from their bone structure. I have to choose girls who will
be accepted as models - not only in Azerbaijan, but in other
countries as well," she says.
Above: Fashion Model Narmina
Zarbaliyeva demonstrates styles created by the Galatea Fashion
Although it's not easy to attract international interest, Azerbaijan
has enjoyed some recent success. At the recent "Best Model
of the World" competition held in Turkey, Azerbaijani model
Sevda Aliyeva from Baku's "Paris" agency took first
place among models from 70 different countries. Alakbar Aliyev,
a boy model from the "Venera" agency, took first place
in the "walking" category.
Left: Fashion and modeling have sparked new
interest in Azerbaijan since independence (1991). All designs
on these two pages were created by the Fakhriya Khalafova Center
of Fashion and Design.
is becoming prestigious in Baku, as it already is in the West
and Moscow," Samira says. "Before, young girls wanted
to grow up to be doctors or teachers; now they want to become
famous models and appear in magazines and commercials."
These girls are in the right place, Samira says with a smile.
"After all, some of the most beautiful girls in the world
are from Azerbaijan."
(9.1) Spring 2001.
© Azerbaijan International 2001. All rights reserved.
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